Nitrous oxide (or Dinitrogen monoxide), commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous.
Chemical formula: N2O.
At room temperature, it is a colorless non-flammable gas, with a pleasant, slightly sweet odor and taste. It is used in surgery and dentistry for its anesthetic and analgesic effects. It is known as “laughing gas” due to the euphoric effects of inhaling it, a property that has led to its recreational use as an inhalant drug. At elevated temperatures, nitrous oxide is a powerful oxidizer similar to molecular oxygen. It is soluble in water.
Symptoms: dyspnea (breathing difficulty); drowsiness, headache; asphyxia; reproductive effects; liquid: frostbite. Target organs: respiratory system, central nervous system, reproductive system.
Chemical formula: N2O
Molar mass: 44.013 g/mol
Appearance: colorless gas
Density: 1.977 g/L (gas)
Melting point: −90.86 °C (−131.55 °F; 182.29 K)
Boiling point: −88.48 °C (−127.26 °F; 184.67 K)
Vapor pressure: 5150 kPa (20 °C)
Viscosity: 14.90 μPa·s
Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Gas
Nitrous Oxide Production
|Chemical formula of decomposition:|
Theoretical production yield (100%):
*Average production yield (>90%):
| N2O |
* – impurities
Nitrous Oxide Industrial Application
Nitrous Oxide Medical Application
Nitrous oxide or laughing gas as it is commonly known was first synthesised by Joseph Priestley in 1772. It was initially used as a dental analgesic forty years after this and has been used extensively in a wide range of surgical procedures for both anaesthesia and analgesia. The exact mechanism of action of nitrous oxide is unknown, but its effects take place within the pain centres of the brain and spinal cord. It is thought to have an effect on the Gamma Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) cells increasing inhibition of nerve cells causing drowsiness and sleep. It also is related to the release of endogenous neurotransmitters such as opioid peptides and serotonin. The release of these neurotransmitters is thought to activate descending pain pathways that inhibit pain transmission. The medical nitrous oxide produced by our plants is of a superior quality than requested by the European Pharmacopoeia 99% for medical applications such as anesthesia and pain reducing.
Also used as a mixture with 50% Oxygen.
Nitrous Oxide Food industry Application
Nitrous Oxide Conversion
Use this Conversion table to convert between commonly used units. Select your current unit in the left column, the desired unit in the suitable right column.